Candles are probably one of the easiest ritual tools to make. I also find them one of the most satisfying. Oddly enough, I’m only in the mood to make them in September and February, so I tend to go on a bit of a binge so that I have enough to get me through the rest of the year.
The first step getting some wax! First, I put an email around to all of my neighbors asking for their old candle ends. This will save you a TON of money versus buying new paraffin from a craft store. My other wax source is directly from a bee keeper. Most of my ritual candles are pure beeswax, while my daily devotional ones use recycled wax of varying proportions beeswax to paraffin. (A word on crayons—some sources maintain they do NOT make good candles, so resist tossing your child’s collection into the melting pot, please.)
Once you have yourself a nice little stash, the next step to to melt the wax, which is best done in a double-boiler over low heat. Yes, this way takes longer, but the risk of wax explosion/fire/other mayhem is much less. When everything is liquid, it’s time to add dye and/or fragrance as desired. Dye come in solid blocks or liquid form—I much prefer the latter as I feel it gives more control and deeper colors. You can color-test the wax by putting a teaspoonful on s sheet of white paper. This will give you a decent approximation of the final shade.
Once the wax is melted and dyed, it is poured into a mould lightly coated with olive oil. I just learned the olive oil trick this year and boy has it helped! I used to spend a good deal of time cursing stuck candles, or worse, marring them with a hair dryer or hot water bath. Olive oil really saves you the trouble and keeps bits of wax from sticking to the inside of the mould.
There are a number of different types of wicks, some stand alone, some needing to be tied off through a hole in the bottom of the mould. For votives, I do prefer the self-supporting wick, though these often have some sort of metal like zinc in the core. But for anything bigger, a large or extra-large braided cotton wick is my favorite.
In my experience, all poured candles (as opposed to dipped ones) need to have a second or even third pouring after the initial ones have cooled. A well will develop around the wick as the wax shrinks and adheres to the sides of the mould. Simply use a chopstick or thin dowel to poke three to four holes into the soft wax to within an inch of the bottom of the mould; this will relieve the surface tension, so you can make a second pour to fill in the well.
Once the candle has cooled and you’ve removed it from the mould (if if does get stuck, put it in the freezer for no more than 10 minutes and it should pop right out, especially if you’ve used olive oil), you can trim the seams and decorate it. This one got one of WillowCrow‘s necklaces to spruce it up a bit.
The next couple of shots show the process for votive candles. When melting wax, I try to keep the colors to one family, or at least to a secondary color and its two primaries (e.g. orange, red, and yellow)—otherwise, you end up with a lot of browns. These votives came out on the red-orange end of the spectrum (a shade I privately call Tequila Sunrise), and truthfully a bit more eye-searing than I would have liked. But they are relentlessly cheerful in the face of winer!
Below you can see the difference between the self-supporting wicks (which tend to bed in larger candles) and the tensioned cotton wick, supported by half a chopstick.
I actually managed to craft my way through my entire left-over wax stash this fall, as well as all my neighbors’ donations. I still have a large block of paraffin left over, and probably six to eight pounds of beeswax. And hopfully my generous neighbors will have even more odds and ends for me in the spring.
The last candle I made will be for Alban Eilir, since it reminds me of spring leaves. I also mixed in ashes from the Alban Elfed bonfires at the OBOD East Coast Gathering, which give it a nice symmetry in my mind.
Candle making can be more than just a way to create nifty altar swag. It’s a way to live the ideal of reusing materials. It’s a way to connect with your neighbors and community. And it can also be a way to remember what our ancestors had to do in order to work past sunset on those long winter nights. And it’s an exercise in patience, meditation, and mindfulness, if we so choose.
11 thoughts on “Candles”
Excellent reference. I’m a beeswax snob, but I remember making crayon candles in tin cans as a kid, so I can assure you they make crazy colorful, burnable, and crayola scented candles. 🙂
Good to know, thanks, Rick! I managed to miss out on that particular childhood craft, and my first encounters with the practice were other candle snobs who felt using crayons was akin to trying to built an a-bomb in your back yard. 😉 I’ll have to try it in the future (maybe with some scent to cover the eau-de-Crayola!).
This is a wonderful post! I love how you are mixing in ashes from ECG and reusing so many old candles. Where do you get the candle supplies? Do you have any recommendations?
Thank you! I picked up most of my starter supplies (wicks, dyes, moulds, paraffin—before I became a snob 😉 ) at Michael’s Arts and Crafts (not sure if you have those out by you?). Melting pots came from thrift stores, and smooth tin cans can make decent starter moulds.
The beeswax came from eBeeHoney.com, located in Ohio. When I ordered 10 lbs from them going on 6 years ago, they had the best prices on the internet, but I don’t know how well they compare now. Ideally, one of my neighbors has taken up bee keeping, so I’d like to be able to get wax from her once her colonies are well enough established (yay, local sourcing!).
Hope this helps!
I can get beeswax locally, yes. Yes, we have Michaels and also Hobby Lobby around, I’m sure some of them will carry the supplies :).
Most excellent! I love articles like this: bit of how-to, bit of crafty goodness, bit of magic all at once 🙂 October is my most crafty time of year, so now you’ve got me wishing I had time to make candles of my own. Sadly, no time. I’ll stick to decorating wreathes and such instead.
Thanks very much, glad you enjoyed it. 🙂 Wreath-making is one of those things I always want to try, and then I remember my mother’s bloody hands after making holly wreaths each year (and refusing to wear gloves, sigh), and I manage to put it off for another year. ;p May your own crafting go smoothly!
I really like how the Tequila Sunrise candles came out! But then I’m really biased in favor of strong, bold colors like that. 😀
I’ve always wanted to get into candlemaking but the cost of paraffin has been a deterrent. I didn’t realize you could make candles from old candle ends, derp. *facepalm*
(Heh, I’m not enough of a candle snob to resist the idea of making a Crayola candle. I wonder though how it would turn out with different colors, if it would be rainbow-y and pretty and arty-looking or if it would be an eyescreaming nightmare. :P)
Thanks, Noni! The TS votives have been burning nicely the past few weeks.
I think if you left the crayola wax chunky, put it into the mould first, then poured a melted tinted wax around it, it could come out nicely. I’d love to see pics if you try it!
This stirs up fond memories of making candles with friends years ago. I do have saved up pieces, so I have to make some candles soon. Thanks for the tips!
You’re most welcome. 🙂 Glad you found it useful!